Category Archives: Health

Nursing in Uganda

“We arrived in Africa and were instantly overwhelmed by the kindness and friendliness of the local people.”

Melbourne student nurse Laura Garnock stepped up, to be part of a team of 19, to visit and assist a hospital in Kampala, Uganda . The first pilot team for ACU, included students of nursing, midwifery and public health.It was a cultural and medical challenge that reinforced her desire to join ‘Doctors without Borders’ sometime in her career.

Laura Garnock

“We didn’t have too much information about the exchange experience before applying, other than we would be working at Mulago hospital and volunteering in various other community programs over the two weeks. That was enough for me; my attention was caught at ‘Uganda’”. Garnock

Midwifery and Nursing Lecturer’s, Annette Garvey and Jean Mukasa, enabled the trip after years of relentless organising, planning, risk assessment and convincing.

“We all had the common underlying motivation for applying for the Uganda trip. We wanted to help people and work out if we could actually cope with what we saw, continue to do it afterwards and to make a difference. I think most of us could confidently say that, we achieved all three things.” Garnock

The nurses were split up and rotated between medical emergency, surgical emergency and trauma.

“It was when I was on the surgical rotation that I saw a leg amputated. I have never felt so out of my depth in my life, there are many things that I saw in Mulago hospital that I will carry with me forever.

I learnt the power of support, giving a patient or their family member a hug.. The non-verbal communication that we take for granted in Australia, when talking to each other, meant the world to our patients.” Garnock

The student nurses were faced to overwhelming conditions of overcrowding and limited medical options.

“Out of 191 countries in the world, Uganda’s healthcare is rated 186th. 48% of the population in Uganda is under the age of 15. ..On an average day, there is one nurse to 45 patients on the ward, that was how understaffed but incredibly busy this hospital was.

Jean Mukasa, Bethany Flemming, Aimee Burns, Tegan Dudley, Brianna Doyle, Sophie Malcolm, Clare Ryan, Georgia Myers & Laura Garnock          photo by  Garnock

The conditions and illnesses that we saw are generally  uncommon in Australia, so it was difficult at first to know where to start, in terms of nursing care.  Cardiac shock due to dehydration, Malaria, AIDS (related conditions), TB, Hepatitis B and C were common medical conditions. The trauma centre (casualty) had a wide range of patients from victims of assault and violence, to those needing resuscitation.

..A blood pressure machine was non-existent in some of the wards and those that did have one, had to share it between all 45 patients. Doctors had stethoscopes, but it was a rarity to come across other valuable equipment such as a pulse oximeter or a thermometer. Luckily some of the girls on our trip had the foresight to bring a manual BP machine.” Garnock

Part of the trip was to take part in Community active groups aimed at empowering local residents with simple but powerful options.

We did some outreach work on our days off in the local ‘slums’. We worked with Yimba Uganda, a organisation that is a Ugandan NGO devoted to empowering, training and providing new opportunities to Ugandan’s in order to promote sustainability & independence. L.G


This program has enabled domestic farming that has led to home ownership for some families.


“A local family is given (loaned) a goat and told to look after it for a while, breed the goat and take responsibility for it’s welfare. At the end of a few months or a year , the family can make a profit from all their efforts” Garnock


This program offered girls the convenience of menstrual solutions to enable them to fully participate in activities without physical restrictions. Previously, females had to abandon school and work due to ‘this time of the month’.Western options were not feasible due to the problem of waste.

A removable lower layer for washing and replacing.

“Anne-Marie, an ACU graduate, designed and made reusable sanitary products for the local Ugandan girls. The local girls were using pages from textbooks, leaves and foam from their mattresses for protection” Garnock


Boys and Girls were trained in sewing to enable them access to clothing and a means of income.

Clothes made in Uganda on sale in Australia

“…to tailor their own clothes and learn more skills in the hope that they can build their own future.”

Annette Burns, Emmanuel K Edwin (DJ and Community worker) Anne-Marie Reddan

The students have been active in Local Fund Raisers since their return.For Laura it was a heart warming journey that made her aware of the contrasting medical conditions.

“I think the overwhelming point that I took home from the trip was that people in Australia have no idea how good their healthcare is.  We couldn’t even give our patients water to drink.” Garnock


Flag photo by L Garnock of Mulago nurses.



What is HDL?

Baker IDI Breakthroughs


Baker IDI is a conspicuous building, next to the Alfred hospital in Commercial Rd, Prahran. It has been researching diabetes and heart disease for 90 years. They were the first to distinguish between Type 1  and Type 2 diabetes and proved that healthy food and lifestyle can curtail the disease. An improved diet can prevent the escalation into, the very harmful, Type 2. This is just one of their world renown breakthroughs. They work closely with the Alfred Hospitals, Heart and Lung Transplant team.

Baker IDI, Professor Bronwyn Kingwell, claimed that HDL cholesterol  has an important role in glucose and fat metabolism. HDL is an active player in glucose intolerance of the metabolic syndrome, and is critical to the rising epidemic of diabetes and its dramatic impact on cardiovascular disease. Continuing research will examine whether prolonged HDL elevation produces a sustained benefit on blood glucose control which may translate to a new therapeutic approach in the prevention and treatment of Type 2 diabetes.


Good cholesterol helps eliminate these fats from vessels and tissues to prevent blockages in blood vessels.

Kingwell has had a long association with the National Heart Foundation (NHF) of Australia in community heart health advocacy with a special interest in healthy lifestyle.

What is HDL?

It’s important to raise your high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. HDL is a scavenger that removes harmful cholesterol from the bloodstream, High  levels reduce the risk of heart disease.

HDL can be increased by regular exercise and choosing food that aids health such as, fiber, avocado, olive oil, nuts and fatty fish such as salmon.

Although ‘good cholesterol’ is a topical kitchen conversation, its discovery was a local initiative. Extended life is regarded as a financial negative in Australia whereas it should be regarded as a remarkable humane achievement. Major breakthroughs are taking place in our city.

The less we add to food the healthier the food is likely to be, the raw product is most likely the best choice. Labels on food are like warning signs, for example E460’s are generally forms of cellulose. They are used as a food additive to improve physical qualities such as smoothness and creaminess.

E461 – Methyl cellulose E462 – Ethyl cellulose E463 – Hydroxypropyl cellulose E464 – Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose E465 – Methylethyl cellulose E466 – Carboxymethyl cellulose

Cellulose is a commercially prepared from wood and is a non soluble, that can be fermented in the large intestine. Large concentrations can cause intestinal problems, such as bloating, constipation and diarrhoea. Due to this fact, it can not be used in weaning foods.

One could spend two hours in the supermarket with their smart phone checking labels or we can go directly to the Vege shop. Primary school children are being taught to grow their own food. The aging population are blamed for clogging health care but the real culprit are the major food corporations.




Baker IDI,


Food Info